The importance of reading well by the end of third grade has prompted several states to enact or consider automatic retention policies holding back struggling readers. This is a complex, divisive issue that does not lend itself to easy answers. The Campaign supports a responsible approach to promotion that recognizes the importance of starting early to achieve reading proficiency.
- Handout: Third Grade Retention, Campaign for Grade-Level Reading, 2012
- Op-Ed: How Serious Are We About Early Learning – Barbara O’Brien, Education Week, 2012
- Research: Is Retaining Students in the Early Grades Self-Defeating?, Brookings Institution, August 2012
- Report: Third Grade Literacy Policies: Identification, Intervention, Retention, Education Commission of the States, March 2012
- Research: Ending Social Promotion Without Leaving Children Behind: The Case of New York City. RAND Corporation, 2009.
Contacts: Research and contacts for retention